Trade Liberalization and Intergenerational Occupational Mobility in Urban India

By Reshad N Ahsan (University of Melbourne) and Arpita Chatterjee (University of New South Wales)

Economic globalization is currently under threat from a populist political backlash.  A common narrative is that this backlash is partly a result of a trade-induced increase in inequality.… read more ...

Foreign Investment Boosts Sophistication of Domestic Manufacturing: New Evidence from Turkey

By Beata Javorcik (University of Oxford), Alessia Lo Turco, (Marche Polytechnic University), Daniela Maggioni (University of Catania)

Recently, there has been a renewal of interest in industrial policy across the world.… read more ...

Self-Enforcing Trade Agreements and Lobbying

By Kristy Buzard (Syracuse University)

Going back to the mid-1980s, the repeated prisoner’s dilemma has been used to model the absence of strong external enforcement mechanisms for trade agreements.[1] Cooperation is enforced by promises of future punishment for any deviation from the agreement, and the amount of cooperation that can be achieved depends on the severity of the chosen punishments.… read more ...

Trade and Growth with Heterogeneous Firms and Asymmetric Countries

By Takumi Naito (Vanderbilt University and Waseda University)

Trade liberalization encourages more productive firms to start exporting, while it forces more unproductive firms to exit from their domestic markets. The increase in the average productivity because of tougher selection contributes to higher welfare of countries.… read more ...

Global Tariff Negotiations as a Stumbling Bloc to Global Free Trade?

By James Lake (Southern Methodist University) and Santanu Roy (Southern Methodist University)

The principle of non-discrimination lies at the heart of the WTO. GATT Article I mandates that, for a given product, a country cannot set different tariffs on different trading partners.… read more ...

The GATT/WTO’s Special and Differential Treatment of Developing Countries

By Ben Zissimos (University of Exeter Business School)

Special and differential treatment (SDT) is effectively a set of exemptions from MFN extended to developing country members of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)/World Trade Organization (WTO).… read more ...