Bystander Project

ESRC-funded “Bystander Project”


Core research team: Adam Rutland, Sally Palmer, Eirini Ketzitzidou Argyri, Luke McGuire, Melanie Killen (University of Maryland)


This three year project examines children’s and adolescents’ bystander responses to hypothetical scenarios of social exclusion of immigrants.


The project draws from developmental intergroup theory (e.g., social reasoning development theory) to examine whether the following intergroup factors influence participants’ evaluations of the social exclusion from childhood into adolescence:


Study 1 examines identity, by varying the nationality of the immigrant peer (e.g., Australian vs. Turkish) and measuring participants’ own national identity.


Study 2 examines norms, by varying groups’ expectations around attitudes towards others (e.g., are they “inclusive” or “exclusive”).


Study 3 examines stereotypes about immigrants.